Botswana is slightly larger than France and has a population of only 1.83 million citizens, most of whom live in the south eastern part of the country.
Most of the population is part of the Tswana tribe and are known as the Batswana, the majority of whom speak Setswana. (The official language is English)
17% of the nation has been set aside as protected game areas and it has the largest surviving population of elephants in Africa.
Botswana is land of erratic rainfall. Rain is considered so precious that the name of it's currency, "Pula" is the Setswana word for rain.
Kalahari sands underlie 80% of Botswana. Although called a desert, most of the Kalahari is covered with scattered bush and trees. It's only in the extreme south west that moving sand dunes appear.
Where in the world is Botswana?
Some Botswana history
Bechuanaland was divided into two parts by the British in 1885. The northern section became a protectorate under Chief Khama III, while everything to the south of the Molopo River became a Crown colony. The northern sector ultimately became known as Botswana while the Crown Colony was absorbed into South Africa.
Botswana became fully independent in 1966 under the leadership of Sir Seretse Khama, a direct descendant of Chief Khama III, and remains a stable and peaceful country where the rights of individuals are constitutionally guaranteed and respected.
Diamonds were discovered in Botswana shortly after independence and are it's biggest earner of foreign revenue. Botswana has been underpinned as an African economic success story.